If you’re not sure who’s been nibbling at your garden, this all-purpose repellent is a good defense. This unique blend of ingredients causes a mild irritation to the animal's nasal passages. When an animal touches, tastes or smells Repels All, it triggers the natural instinct to escape/avoid and the animal simply leaves. This is the most comprehensive animal repellent available. It repels armadillos, beavers, birds, crows, chipmunks, deer, groundhogs, mice, porcupines, rabbits, raccoons, rats, skunks, shrews and voles. Protects plants and property, including structures, for up to 2 months per application. Rain-fast after six hours. May be used around edibles. 32 oz. ready-to-use spray.