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Strawberries, once available only in June, can now be found in stores almost all year. But these year-round berries are tasteless compared to the full, rich flavor of a homegrown berry. And with today's everbearing and day-neutral strawberry varieties — in addition to the early-summer classics — home gardeners can enjoy picking strawberries almost all summer.
Old-fashioned, early-summer strawberries are large, sweet and abundant. They all ripen at once, so a good-size strawberry bed will yield enough fruit for plenty of fresh eating.
Strawberries should be planted 12-18" apart, so the crown — the growth point where roots and shoots join — is level with the soil surface. The first year, you should pinch off any flowers so the plants will develop to their full potential. The second year you can start harvesting berries. The plants will send out "runners", which are new plants that will root and start new plants. Remove most of those runners or your bed will become a jumble of crowded plants, none of them doing very well. In general, day-neutral plants send fewer runners and are easier to manage.
Raised beds are ideal for strawberries, which benefit from good drainage and fluffy soil. Strawberries won't tolerate weed competition and raised beds also help keep grasses from sneaking into the planting area. Strawberries are perennials that need rich soil with lots of organic matter and a slightly acidic pH (between 5.5 and 6.5). Work in compost, rotted manure and some peat moss at planting time. Another good addition is granular fertilizer. To minimize disease problems, avoid planting in areas where tomatoes, potatoes, eggplants, peppers, or melons have recently been grown.
Strawberries are vulnerable to a variety of pests and diseases — from mold, mildew and other fungi to root-eating grubs, hungry birds and chipmunks. Garden Fabric and Bird Netting will keep out the birds. Buying certified disease-free strawberry plants helps reduce problems with viruses and fungal problems. Full sun and a mulch of shredded leaves or straw will help keep plants healthy and preserve the quality of the fruit.
Strawberries should produce about a quart of berries per plant, per year.
Last updated: 4/27/16
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